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Archival description
Doukhobor collection Series
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Sons of Freedom

This series consists of records mainly created, received and accumulated by members of the Sons of Freedom as well as records created by members of the Doukhobor community and organizations, such as the Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood (CCUB), the Universal Spiritual Community of Christ (USCC) and the Christian Community and Brotherhood of Reformed Doukhobors (CCBRD) that relate to the Sons of Freedom. The records include: correspondence, writings, petitions, statements, messages, declarations, protocols, lists, legal documents, songs texts, essays, speeches, newspaper clippings, photographs, and publications. The records are in Russian and/or English; some are printed and some are handwritten, some have accompanying transcriptions and/or translations; some are original documents and some are photocopies. This series is divided in to nine sub-series: 1: Correspondence; 2: Writings; 3: Key people; 4: Prison related documents; 5: Land related documents; 6: Arson related documents; 7: General Documents; 8: Publications; and 9: Photographs.

USCC (The Union of Spiritual Community of Christ)

This series consists of various documents that were created by Union of Spiritual Community of Christ (USCC) and its members and that relate to the operations of the USCC and to the matters concerning the Doukhobor community from late 1908 until 1999, predominantly 1938-1960s. The USCC emerged in mid 1930s in efforts to unite the Doukhobor community under the name of the Society of Named Doukhobors which was guided Peter P. Verigin (Chistiakov). In 1938, the CCUB was dissolved due to bankruptcy. After the death of Peter P. Verigin in 1939, the leadership of the organization was continued by John J. Verigin, Peter’s grandson. The Society of Named Doukhobors change its name to the USCC in the early 1940s. The records are in Russian and/or English; some are printed and some are handwritten, some have accompanying transcriptions and/or translations; some are original documents and some are photocopies.
This series is divided in to four sub-series: 1: General Documents; 2: War related documents; 3: Financial records; 4: Ephemera and publications; 5: Event records.

CCUB (Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood)

This series consists of various documents that were created by the Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood (CCUB) and its members and that relate to the operations of the CCUB and to the matters concerning the Doukhobor community from 1898 until 1960, predominantly from 1907 until 1939. The documents relate to the leadership of the organization, administration of office and membership, land and financial matters, relationship with the Canadian government agencies and the Sons of Freedom, beliefs and ideology of the Doukhobors. The CCUB was established by the Doukhobors that settled in Saskatchewan in the early 1900s. Most members of the organization moved to the West Kooteney region of British Columbia between 1907-1912. The organization was led by Peter V. Verigin (Lordly), spiritual leader of the Doukhobors, until his death in 1924. Peter P. Verigin (Chistiakov) took over the leadership of the CCUB in 1927. In the mid 1930s, in efforts to unite all the Doukhobors, Chistiakov created organization known as the Society of Named Doukhobors that was renamed the Union of Spiritual Communities of Christ (USCC) in 1940s. In 1938, the CCUB as an organization was dissolved due to bankruptcy and the Union of Spiritual Communities of Christ (USCC) replaced it.
This series is divided in to four sub-series: 1: Circular letters; 2: Correspondence; 3: Meeting minutes; 4: Documents; 5: Writings; 6: Financial records.

Clippings

This series consists of clippings from various British Columbia newspapers between 1956-1971 depicting matters related to the Doukhobor community and other matters relating to Efanov‘s political interest, such as political cartoons, Winston Churchill and J. F. Kennedy. Many clippings depict marriage announcement of the Doukhobor members or their descendants.

Writings, articles by others

This series consists of printed articles, writings, song texts, news articles reproductions, essays, letters, lists of publications, newspapers clippings all written by others and collected by Efanov. The subject matter of these records focuses on Doukhobor issues with the British Columbia government, Doukhobor’s protests, Doukhobor’s ways of life and beliefs and the Sons of Freedom. In some cases, authorship of the documents is unclear, but some of known authors include: I. Sysoev, J.E. Podovinikoff, Russell M. Verigin, Jack Sawatsky and Ray Herbert, G. Khadyin, I. Konkin, S. Sorokin, R. E. Morgan, W. Carson. Most documents are printed in English with a few exception in Russian.

Diaries, journals and writings

This series consists of writing, commentaries, notes, songs texts, diaries and notebooks written by Efanov between 1911 and 1971. The dairies account for the majority of content in this series and provide significant insight to Efanov’s point of view. In addition, this collection of original Doukhobor diaries is the most extensive such collection in existence, as far as is known.
Four of these diaries exist in photocopies at UBC; one (only) of the photocopied diaries is the subject of Julie Rak's Negotiated Memory: Doukhobor Autobiographical Discourse (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2004). Most diaries are hand-written in notebooks of various sizes, though one group of at least 10 (some appear to be in multiple volumes), are written on toilet paper pads from prison. Most records are handwritten in Russian language, except for a document in English.

Correspondence

This series consists of correspondence between Efanov and various individuals and organizations that were a part of the Doukhobor community and some from beyond the community. The series contains Efanov’s inbound and outbound letters as well as letters reproduced by him, but written by Stephan Sorokin. Some letters are undated and authorship is not clear. All are handwritten in Russian, except for a few letters in English.

CD ROMs

This series consists of 3 CD-ROMs containing original digital records of photographs of elders taken in 1975 and of Anna Markova funeral in 1978. [Stored with textual records]

Photographs

This series consists of 158 images taken by Peter Ogloff of Doukhobor community and Anna Markova’s funeral. The images are duplicates of the original images found on CD-ROMs (MSC121-6-3-0-0-1)

Interviews

This series consists of a photocopy of transcripts of 18 interviews with members of Doukhobor community. Transcripts are in Russian and English.

Photographs

This series consists of The Makortoff family collection of 136 photographic images. Some of the photographic images in this collection are in the form of postcards. The images depict Makortoff family members as well as various individuals related to the family at various social functions. Often, individuals or groups were photographed in the garden, in the fields or in front of the farm dwellings. There are photographs depicting transportation modes of the time period including horse carts and automobiles.

Correspondence, clippings

This series is revealing of early 20th century perspectives towards the Doukobors in Canada. The following persons are authors or subject to the records: J.A. Forin, Isabel Forin, George Hoyland, H.M. Manson, Aylmer Maude, Alice Nike, George Soukoreff, John J. Verigin, Vlaldimir Tcherkoff, Leo Tostoy, L.W. Verigin.

Photographs

This series consists of one party hand-colored and 25 black and white photographs of J. J. Verigin and his family taken at various events, such as funeral of Peter P. Verigin, funeral of Evodokia, funeral of Anna Fedorova, J. J. Verigin’s wedding and Jubilee 50th anniversary of Doukhobors in Canada. There are several composite photographs containing images that pre-date the composites in some cases by a couple of decades.

Family related documents

This series consists of documents created by J. J. Verigin’s close family members, his uncle Peter P. Verigin the Second and his mother Anna Markova, also sister of Peter P. Verigin the Second. The series includes the correspondence of Peter P. Verigin the Second, also known as Yastrebov and annotated map of the Doukhobor settlement drawn by Anna Markova.

Documents about J.J. Verigin

This series consist of documents written about J. J. Verigin in relation to his role as a leader of the USCC and his prominent role within the Doukhobor communities. The documents include: reports, accounts, opinions, statement, speech, biographies, song texts, hansard, newspaper and magazine clippings and articles. Most documents are in English, except one in Russian; all documents are printed.

Writings, speeches

This series consists of writings authored or co-authored by J. J. Verigin and his conversations and speeches recorded by others.

Correspondence

This series consists of the Doukhobor community matters correspondence received or send by J. J. Verigin as the Secretary or the Honorary Chair of The Union of Spiritual Communities of Christ (USCC), including letters, telegrams, open letters, declarations and proposals. The majority of the documents are in Russian.

Photographs

This series contains black and white as well as partly hand-colored photographs from various periods of P. P. Verigin’s life starting from around 1880s until his death and funeral in 1939. In specific, this series contains photographs of Verigin mainly with his family and with close friends. There are several photographs from his funeral as well as P. P. Verigin vising his father’s tomb. There are several composite photographs containing images that pre-date the composites in some cases by a couple of decades.

Records about P. P. Verigin

This series consists of documents reporting details of events attended by P. P. Verigin or events related to him. These accounts relate to P.P. Verigin’s arrival in Canada, his visit to Saskatchewan, his visit to the Sons of Freedom in God’s Valley and P.P. Verigin’s wrath at Verigin communalists. In addition, this series contains index of documents written by or relating to P.P. Verigin and letter of E. G. Sherstobitoff requesting enlargement of Verigin’s photos. Most of the documents were transcribed/written down by individuals working with P. P. Verigin (transcriber is not always indicated). Some of mimeographed documents are original, some are photocopies. Most of documents are in Russian except for some supplied with handwritten or mimeographed translation in English.

Speeches, talks, writings, will

This series consists of mimeographed transcripts of speeches, interviews, talks, writings, messages and will of P. P. Verigin. Most of the records were transcribed/written down by individuals working with P. P. Verigin (transcriber is not always indicated). Some of the transcribers are: V. Sukharev, P. Biriukov, N. Dergaysov, I. Malov. There is only one handwritten message by Verigin himself. Verigin’s will was captured by Mikhail Verigin. In addition, this series includes photocopy of biographical manuscript of “Gloom shadow of Ivan the Terrible” that appears to be written by P.P. Verigin. Some of mimeographed records are original, some are photocopies. All records are in Russian except for some speeches that are supplied with handwritten translation in English.

Circular letters

This series consists of circular letters addressed to the CCUB members. All letters are mimeographed and none are issued on the CCUB letterhead. All records are in Russian, but a couple of them are supplied with handwritten translations in English.

Correspondence

This series consists of the personal and the Doukhobor community matters correspondence of P. V. Verigin sent to and received from various members of the CCUB.

Writings about P.V. Verigin

This series consist of letters, writings and notes about P. V. Verigin’s life and work by various individuals and organizations, such as CCUB that interacted with him closely. Many of the documents refer to and were written after the death of Verigin in 1924. The file includes articles about Verigin’s return from exile in Siberia by A.V. Efanov and “P. V. Verigin and Molokan” by A. P. Kariakin. Series also includes Anastasia Hoboloff’s account of her dream about P. V. Verigin. Other documents are by I. Konkin, V.S.L., Larion Straukov, Ivan Okunov, S. Vereshagin, I. Tregubov. Some documents do not indicate authors. Documents are mostly in Russian.

Photographs

This series contains black and white photographs from various periods of P. V. Verigin’s life starting from around 1895 until his death and funeral in 1924. This series also contains photos of Verigin’s tomb in or after 1925. In specific, this series contains photographs of Verigin’s with his family, with close friends and with the Doukhobor communities in Verigin, Saskatchewan and in Brilliant, British Columbia during various events. There are photographs of Verigin demonstrating farming machinery, racing carriages, posing with community in the villages, as well as many photos from Verigin’s funeral and community visits to his tomb. One fine larger photograph, shows Verigin directing a steam tractor pulling a plow and harrow on the Prairie. In a letter to Tolstoy in December 1903, Verigin specifically describes buying these machines in the summer of 1903 in time for planting and harvesting at the end of that season. Other important images include 2 postcard size images labeled, “Machinery Sold to Doukhobors at Yorkton With Peter Verigin at X” and “A Doukhobor Outfit Ready to Move” showing the first two steam-driven tractors, with attached combines, to be brought into Yorkton by the Doukhobors, a move which some believe spurred jealousy among other farmers who agitated more strongly against the Doukhobors, and thus led to the calamitous reversals of policy by the Canadian government regarding conditions for Doukhobor settlement.

Speeches, writings, views

This series consists of documents that were written by P. V. Verigin himself or by other individuals relating his views and ideas. These documents include transcripts of speeches and interviews, petitions, opinion pieces on the Doukhobor community and faith as well as some of the letter-like documents with his opinions on education. It also contains 70 page manuscript in a notebook by F. I. Wishloff recording P.V. Verign’s speeches. All documents in Russian, except for a few documents supplied with English translation.

Circular letters

This series consists of circular letters to be read at an assembled meetings. The bulk of the letters dates between 1908-1912. Often they consist of direction from CCUB, such as livestock to sell, when to clear the fields, or when to come to a meeting. The letters also deal with the logistics of the move to British Columbia. Most of the letters were issued on the Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood (CCUB) letterhead or on the Office of the Peter V. Verigin letterhead. Most letters are signed by P.V. Verigin, except for some signed by Mikhail Kazakov and some that are unsigned. Most letters are mimeographed.

Correspondence

This series consists of the personal and Doukhobor community related correspondence of P. V. Verigin that dates from early 1900s until his death in October of 1924. Besides P. V. Verigin correspondence, part of File 1 is also correspondence by Anastasia Holoboff and Fodosia Verigin that dates from 1900s until 1959. Some letters are handwritten and some are mimeographed. All in Russian, except for a few in English.