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USCC (The Union of Spiritual Community of Christ)

This series consists of various documents that were created by Union of Spiritual Community of Christ (USCC) and its members and that relate to the operations of the USCC and to the matters concerning the Doukhobor community from late 1908 until 1999, predominantly 1938-1960s. The USCC emerged in mid 1930s in efforts to unite the Doukhobor community under the name of the Society of Named Doukhobors which was guided Peter P. Verigin (Chistiakov). In 1938, the CCUB was dissolved due to bankruptcy. After the death of Peter P. Verigin in 1939, the leadership of the organization was continued by John J. Verigin, Peter’s grandson. The Society of Named Doukhobors change its name to the USCC in the early 1940s. The records are in Russian and/or English; some are printed and some are handwritten, some have accompanying transcriptions and/or translations; some are original documents and some are photocopies.
This series is divided in to four sub-series: 1: General Documents; 2: War related documents; 3: Financial records; 4: Ephemera and publications; 5: Event records.

[CCUB vs. National Trust Company]

This file consists of official papers relating to the case of the National Trust Company vs. Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood (CCUB), 1938, detailing the proceedings of the case and bankruptcy of the CCUB after death of P. P. Verigin. This file also includes manuscript with lengthy accounts from late 1920s-1930s of the holdings of the CCUB, and the economics of the Doukhobor community. In addition, this file includes three accounting sheets listing various community members in BC between years of 1908-1925.

[Financial correspondence]

This file consists of financial matters correspondence with supporting documents (cheques, statements, reports) of M. Cazakoff in Verigin, Saskatchewan with V. Ribin, J. Shukin and the other CCUB executive members in of Brilliant, BC. This file also contains Cazakoff’s correspondence with the Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada, the Canadian Bank of Commerce in Winnipeg and Brilliant Branch’s correspondence with Beaver Lumber Co. in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Some correspondence refers to court case of Beaver Lumber Co. against William Sharstabitoff. Most documents are original mimeographs or manuscripts, some are in Russian and some in English.

[Financial documents - Saskatchewan Branch]

This files consists of financial documents, such as annual reports, statements, receipts, letter and bills of sale of grain that refer to financial operations of the CCUB branch in Saskatchewan between years 1928-1934, with year 1929 with the most documents. Documents are authored or refer to M. Cazakoff and F. I. Arishchenkoff. Some documents refer to P. P. Verigin (Chistiakov or Petriushka). Most of the documents are original mimeographs with handwritten notes. There are a few manuscript documents, as well as receipts and bills of sale have handwritten information on them. All documents are in Russian, except one in English.

[Account book]

This file consists of an account book in scribbler, ca. 50 pages, mostly dating from 1930-1931 seemingly for John Evashen. Includes some laid in documents signed by him or made out to him.

[Financial document]

This file consists of an accounting sheet. This document is handwritten in Russian. Translation of the list title reads: List of unsubscribed base of Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood. The document lists towns as well as other entities, and their accounts summaries for years 1934, 1935, 1936.

[Financial reports]

This file consists of annual income and expenditure reports that account for the financial transactions of the CCUB operation in Saskatchewan, British Columbia, and Winnipeg. All original mimeographed documents in Russian.

[Financial documents]

This file consists of financial documents: receipts, invoices, cheques, purchase orders, accounting memoranda dated 1917 through 1937. Documents appear to originate in Saskatchewan, British Columbia and Washington state in USA. The Canadian Pacific Express Company, The Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood Limited (CCUB, Grand Forks and Brilliant, B.C., various administrative department) and the Union Commercial Co. (Danville, Washington) are amongst the issuing bodies of items in this file. Some items reveal prices paid for everyday commodities, such as fruit, cheese, chocolate and coffee. Internal financial memoranda authored by the Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood of Canada Limited, British Columbia Commercial-Industry Branch (Brilliant, B.C.) show prices paid to individual record transactions involving a Sam. N. Zeibin (variously spelled Zibin, Zibbin, Zebin, Ziebin). Documents are in Russian and English.

[Ledger (Lundbreck, Alberta)]

This file consists of manuscript accounting book containing accounts of individuals and businesses, grain tallies, etc. This file contains important record of all financial aspects of the community, with records of loans made within the community, wages for services, shipments of various products to other Doukhobor communities in Alberta and BC, and moneys dispersed on behalf of Peter Verigin. This file also contains some laid in documents.

[V.A. Makasaeff's writings]

This file consists of a report recounting the visit of Minister W. J. Bowser to the Doukhobor community in 1914, a mandate to the youth, a circular letter and an appeal all addressed to the Doukhobor community. All documents are original mimeographs in Russian.

[Ephemera]

This file consists of printed broadsides in Russian language including: “Ko vsem pusskim zhiteliam kanady” signed in type by N. Solomcoe of Toronto and addressed to Doukhobors and other Canadians of Russian decent to be sympathetic to the Soviet cause (1938) and “Vsem, vsem bratiami sestram dukhobortsam” signed in type by Fedor Konkin and Valdimir Kazakov (Cazakoff) explaining how the the Communist sympathetic political alliances of Canada are appealing to the Doukhobors (1938-1940?) as well as ”Call of the central committee to the members of the Russian Workers' and Farmers' Club and to all Russian Canadians”(1939) accompanying by English translation. In addition, this file contains English language broadside titled “What does Doukhobor signify?” (1940?)

Financial records

This sub-series consists of documents of financial nature that include: correspondence, reports, statements, receipts, purchase orders, bills of sales, accounting books. These documents were created by the CCUB executive members in branch offices in British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Washington State in USA. These sub-series also contains legal documentation that relate to the financial operations of the CCUB and its members. Most of the documents in this sub-series are original mimeographs, some with handwritten notes, as well as there is some handwritten documents. Most documents are in Russian and some are in English.

[Writings, articles, song]

This file consists of writings, articles, letters, song, accounts by various authors including: I. Barisoff, Biriukoff, P. Sergieveski. These documents relate to the history and aspects of ideology of the Doukhobor community. Some of the documents include: Plan of activity of the Brotherhood by Biriukoff; an account of Relocation of Larion Kalmykov to Caucasus; an excerpt from publication with letters by [Peter V. Verigin?]; article: Trista let s…, (1912); writing: Doukhobor answer to the veterans resolution of Feb. 13th 1919: Toil and peaceful life; Doukhobors on the Crossroads. Also, it contains a text of Doukhobor song “Pesnia” printed on the original CCUB of Alberta Limited letterhead. This file contains a few original mimeographs, but most of the documents are photocopies. Most of the documents are in Russian, except for three in English.

Writings

This sub-series consists of the reports, writings, speeches, talks, addresses, mandate, manual, texts of songs created on behalf of the CCUB by its executive members. These documents relate to the history and ideology of the Doukhobor communities and its leaders and were written for the benefit of the communities. This sub-series contains both original mimeographed and manuscript documents as well as photocopies of documents. Most documents are in Russian and a few in English.

[Chronology of events 1927-1933]

This file consists of a timeline of events relating to the arrival of P. P. Verigin in Canada, his life as a leader of the CCUB and the Doukhobor community from 1927-1933.

[Documents about war]

This file consists of mimeographed documents illustrating the Doukhobor attitude towards war and soldiers. A couple of documents are signed by S. Vereshchagin and S. Reibin (Ribin).

[Named Doukhobors]

This file consists of photocopy of membership lists of the Society of Named Doukhobor of Canada in various towns of British Columbia and Saskatchewan.

[Report on CCUB lands in Alberta, BC and Saskatchewan]

This file consists of photocopy of report entitled: Properties of the Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood Located in British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan, Canada. Report contains photographs and maps of some of the properties.

[Sun Life Assurance land settlement issues]

This file consists of correspondence, legal documents and articles relating to the CCUB land settlement issues with the Sun Life Assurance Company and the National Trust Company. This file contains some original mimeographs records, but majority of the file consists of photocopies. Most of records are in English.

[Thresher’s Lien Act and 1935 crop]

This file consists of correspondence, legal documents, forms and notices in regards to Thresher’s Lien Act and the Doukhobor community grain crops of 1935. Most documents are dated 1935 with exception of two dated 1920 and one dated 1936. All original mimeographed documents in English, some with handwritten notes.

[Land sale documents]

This file consists of land sale agreements between James Tarry and George Zbeetneoff and between George Zbeetnoff and William Perepolkin. Original documents in English.

[Threshing of crop 1935]

This file consists of correspondence and legal documents respecting judgements for outstanding accounts in connection of threshing of 1935 crop, 1935-1937. The documents relate to Doukhobor community in Verigin, Saskatchewan and the CCUB in Verigin represented by M. V. Cazakoff (Kazakoff). All original mimeographed documents in English.

[Union of Youth of Communard Doukhobors]

This file consists of an appeal to the public explaining Doukhobor history and ideology as well as a letter from the Union of Youth committee members, M. Gridchin and N, Makhortoff to the members of the organization. The supplement to this letter consists of the membership list. First document is in English, seconds is in Russian. Both are original mimeographs.

[Great-West Life Assurance Company]

This file consists of financial matters correspondence, documents, forms, accounts and other papers received from The Great-West Assurance Company in regards to two loans of M. W. Cazakoff and J. P. Trofimenkoff, 1932-1942. All documents are original. Some documents are in Russian and some in English; some are mimeographed and some are manuscripts.

[Early documents]

This file consists of a couple of statements (1911) by Petr Kazakoff and Nikolai Khabykin witnessed by I. Makhonnin and I. Podovinnikoff, Russian language summary of William Blackmore Royal Commission report (1912); a “public speech” (1913) from the group of Doukhobors departing from Saskatchewan to BC (mimeographed document with manuscript corrections); a document entitled “Counsel and decisions of the Deputies of the Doukhobor Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood” (1915) containing information regarding the state internal discipline, work for coming summer, etc.; “Kanada and Doukhobors” an open letter of James Merv (Mavor?) to Sir Thomas White (1919), document is in Russian, but file contains also translation of the letter in English. In addition, the file contains document signed by J. Obed Smith with seal affixed and a photostatic version. This document is handwritten in Russian and it reads “Office of the Immigration Commissioner in Winnipeg. I, John Obed Smith, city of Winnipeg (…) bear witness to the following”. This document was assuring the Doukhobors that they indeed had received exemption from military service as per the Order in council of December 6, 1898 that expressly included them in the provision of the Militia Act. J. Obed Smith, Commissioner of Immigration in Western Canada, was instructed (or volunteer) to sign individual Russian language copies of this document, possibly one for each of the 50+ villages at that time that the Doukhobors were fearful the Canadian government would change its mind about this policy, just as it did about “hamlet” feature of the Land Act in 1902. The fact that the Doukhobors adopted this Russian text as a “psalm” indicates the value they placed on this actual document, which for the vast majority was the only tangible evidence of the recognition of their pacifist status in Canada. Most documents are mimeographed and are in Russian, some have handwritten notes.

[Various documents, certificates, lists]

This files consists of various documents including Memorandum Calendar published by Hay and Earl Limited, Livestock Commission Merchants, Lethbridge, 1960 containing a manuscript list of Doukhobors with their ages, living in Lundbreck in 1927. It also contains: Engineer Certificate of William M. Malakoff (1928), letter announcing visit of the CCUB representative in Berlin to meet with representative of the U.S.S.R. (L. M. Khinchik to M. I. Kalinin 1931), an address by Justice D.A. McDonald to the CCUB members (1939), BC Post Office roller with Peter V. Verigin 1929-1932 (with supporting documentation researched and provided by J. Keenlyside), list of the CCUB directors as left by P.P. Verigin (Chistiakov) before his death (1939?). Some documents are mimeographed, some are manuscripts; some in English and some in Russian.

[Named Doukhobors Society documents and protocol]

This file consists of text of the protocol documents prepared by central executive committee of Named Doukhobors of Canada and related correspondence and writings, including a letter to Named Doukhobors in Russia. This file includes handwritten list of Named Doukhobors of Canada members from Grand Forks, BC (1938?). In addition, this file includes message to the members of Named Doukhobors and outline of events relating to dispute trial between P.P. Verigin on one side and Gregori Chytskov and Vasili Konkin on the other, as well as a document by International Anti-War Union. It also includes broadside titled: Declaration of the “Named Doukhobors” of Canada (1934). Most of the documents are original mimeographs, some photocopies; all documents are in Russian.

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