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Sons of Freedom

This series consists of records mainly created, received and accumulated by members of the Sons of Freedom as well as records created by members of the Doukhobor community and organizations, such as the Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood (CCUB), the Universal Spiritual Community of Christ (USCC) and the Christian Community and Brotherhood of Reformed Doukhobors (CCBRD) that relate to the Sons of Freedom. The records include: correspondence, writings, petitions, statements, messages, declarations, protocols, lists, legal documents, songs texts, essays, speeches, newspaper clippings, photographs, and publications. The records are in Russian and/or English; some are printed and some are handwritten, some have accompanying transcriptions and/or translations; some are original documents and some are photocopies. This series is divided in to nine sub-series: 1: Correspondence; 2: Writings; 3: Key people; 4: Prison related documents; 5: Land related documents; 6: Arson related documents; 7: General Documents; 8: Publications; and 9: Photographs.

[50th Anniversary of the USCC (1938-1988)]

This file comprises of two newspaper supplements celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Union of Spiritual Communities of Christ (USCC) in 1988, both illustrated with photographs and containing historical articles. First item is the Boundary [B.C.] Community News supplement dated August 9, 1988; and the second item is the Castlegar [B.C.] News supplement dated October 5, 1988.

[Doukhobor Centenary of the Destruction of Weapons (1995)]

This file comprises of items pertaining to the “Spirit of ‘95” Doukhobor Centenary of the Destruction of Weapons (organized by the USCC). File includes: one pamphlet describing the Boundary Museum’s (Grand Forks, B.C.) exhibition of Doukhobor artefacts, “Toil and Peaceful Life: A Celebration of the Doukhobor People in Canada”; one pamphlet schedule of Spirit of ’95 commemorative events occurring throughout 1995 across Canada and including the Voices for Peace concerts in Canada, the U.S.A. and Russia; one poster advertising the Voices for Peace 1995 International Tour.

[Centenary of Doukhobor Arrival in Canada (1999)]

This file comprises of records dating to 1999 and pertaining to the centenary anniversary of the Doukhobors’ arrival in Canada. File includes: one pamphlet describing the USCC and Doukhobor history to 1999 and listing the yearly calendar of events and celebrations observed by Doukhobors; one pamphlet advertising the book Spirit-Wrestlers’ Voices: Honouring Doukhobors on the Centenary of Their Migration to Canada in 1899 / Koozma J. Tarasoff.

[75th Anniversary of the Doukhobors in Canada]

This file comprises of Nelson [B.C.] Daily News supplement dated July 31, 1974, celebrating the history of the Doukhobors in Canada and containing an extensive historical article written by W. M. Rozinkin; a glossy booklet published in color by the Union of Spiritual Communities of Christ [ca. 1974], celebrating the history of Doukhobors in Canada.

Event records

This sub-series consists of pamphlets, correspondence, reports, booklets, programs, newspaper special editions and supplements, and calendars that document various event celebrated by the Doukhobor communities as well as the Doukhobor history and culture.


This file consists of a plastic plaque commemorating the ACRD 70th Anniversary (1899-1969) and carrying an image of the Doukhobor Prayer Home, Verigin, Saskatchewan.

[The USCC ephemera and publications]

This file consists of items dating between 1934 and 1998 and emanating from the USCC (head offices Grand Forks, B.C.). The file includes: a broadside entitled “Declaration! of the ‘Union of Spiritual Communities of Christ in Canada’” from the “Second Convention of ‘Named Doukhobors,” Verigin, Saskatchewan, 1934; invitations to two events honouring John J. Verigin, CM, Honorary Chairman of the Union of Spiritual Communities of Christ; 1990/1991 USCC Organizational Chart and Reference Directory; three issues of The USCC Newsletter (1997-1998).


This file contains a published copy of The Fruit Act and Regulations: Act, Orders and Regulations No.7 / Ottawa: Department of Agriculture Canada, 1923; a 1925 broadside; a pamphlet published by the Fraternal Council of Union of Christian Communities and Brotherhood of Reformed Doukhobors describing the “Messiah Day” (November 27th, 1958); an undated, illustrated, coloured fruit box label [?] from the Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood orchards, Brilliant, B.C.; a pamphlet from the Kootenay Doukhobor Historical Society [after 1970]; a Doukhobor Village Restaurant (Castlegar, B.C.) calendar, 1982; a pamphlet about the National Doukhobor Heritage Village, Inc., Verigin, Saskatchewan, 1982; various broadsides promoting books about Doukhobor history in Canada.


This file contains the April 1908 issue of the Canadian publication The Westminster containing an article entitled “The Doukhobors in Canada” / Arthur R. Ford; two issues of newsletters Vestnik in Russian dating to 1959 and 1960; an issue of British Columbia Western Living magazine (August 1977) with an article containing Doukhobor recipes; a 1985 issue of a magazine Muzykalnaia Zhizn [Musical Life]


This files contains a couple of printed broadsides in English: Spiritual Community of Christ: an appeal by the Doukhobor Youth of the Spiritual Community of Christ to the youth of all nations and races of the world (2 pages, 1944); Nudism and the destruction of the altar of Satan: The Spiritual Community of Christ of British Columbia – Canada (1 page, 1944).

Ephemera and publications

This sub-series consists of broadsides, ephemera, pamphlets, invitations, calendar, publications, newsletters, newspapers and magazines created by the USCC and its executive members, as well as by agencies outside of the Doukhobor community, but that relate to the Doukhobors. These records documents the history of the Doukhobor community as well as their culture, ideology and beliefs.

[Land documents and receipts]

This file consists of receipts and letters from the BC Land Settlement Board confirming payments for registration fee for years 1950-1962 as well as a few other receipts from 1933.

[Accounting book]

This file consists of account book referring to Zion No. 2. Grand Forks, BC, 1946. 149 pages ledger containing the account for the Doukhobor Community of Zion No. 2, as organized by P.P. Verigin before his death in 1939. Having originally divided the disparate Doukhobor settlements in 36 "communities" Verigin left each a packet of instructions. One set of instructions dealt with keeping the Community accounts - that is, a record of monies collected and dispersed just on account of the Community as designated by Verigin. Zion No. 1 was essentially the ground occupied by J.J. Verigin, which was soon absorbed into Zion No. 2 for practical reasons. This ledger records, then, monies collected to pay a stipend to Verigin, disbursements of the same, money for guarding his house, money raised to help other communities, etc. This ledger continues through 2004, with increasingly fewer entries, as the
"community" system gave way to more complex arrangements and only a few older Doukhobors remained "community" members under this system. As far as is known, this is the only extant ledger from any of the communities and being the one representing J.J. Verigin's community, is of signal importance.

[W.T. Arishenkoff's records]

This file consist of William (Vasily) T. Arishenkoff’s (Areshenkoff) records including outgoing and incoming correspondence, telegrams, forms, government publications, lists, reports, notebook, meeting resolutions, and protocols. Arishenkoff was a member of the Central Executive Committee of the Named Doukhobors of Canada in Saskatchewan from 1930s to 1950s. These files include Arishenkoff’s correspondence with Peter Reibin accompanied by other letters that Reibin refers to in his correspondence. Other sender, recipients, and co-authors of documents includes: Peter Abrosimoff (Abrosimov), V. Konkin, Gregori Konkin, P. Ribaikin, N. Popoff, V. A. Sukharov, V. Dumov, S. Kondratov, F. F. Salovev, P. W. Streliev, W. F. Cheveldeiff, P. Negreiv, P. Makaroff, the Named Doukhobor Society of Canada, Federation of Russian- Canadians, Humphrey Mitchell (Minister of Labor), National War Service Department. The subject of these records is the USCC response to the Canadian government requirement of men registration for the military conscription purposes in 1940. These documents refer to the Doukhobor communities in B.C. and Saskatchewan.

Financial records

This sub-series consists of records relating to financial operation of the USCC and the Doukhobor community in British Columbia and Saskatchewan. The sub-series includes: accounting ledger, correspondence, bills, receipts, notes, statements and reports.

[Exemption of military service documents]

This file consist of records relating to the Canadian government requirement of men registration for the military conscription purposes in 1940 and The Society of Named Doukhobors members efforts to be exempt from conscription based on their doctrine and beliefs. This file contains: forms, lists, resolutions, protocols, statements, transcript of meetings with the National Service Board, the Society of Named Doukhobor correspondence with the government officials as well as correspondence between members (Arishenkoff, Reibin,P. Makoroff, J. M. Chernenkoff, F. Legebokoff), unemployed and profession registration forms, an excerpt from bill amending registration and conscription law, and newspaper clippings. In addition, the file contains a transcript of meeting in Calgary in 1941 between P. Reibin as representative of Doukobors and Mr. Stuart representing the government.

War related documents

This sub-series consists of records relating to the Canadian government requirement of men registration for the military conscription purposes in 1940 and the Society of Named Doukhobor members efforts to be exempt from conscription based on their doctrine and beliefs.

[The USCC resolution and membership list]

This file consists of a photocopy of resolution stating that members of the USCC will separate themselves from and not cooperate with the “fanatics” and a list of the USCC members that are undertaking this resolution.

[Writings, correspondence general]

This file consists of a circular letter, a letter from Evsia Ogloff to Nasti I. Ogloff, a short article titled: “Attention - visiting guests from the U.S.S.R.” and a draft copy of an untitled essay.

[Operation Dismantle]

This file consists of newspaper clippings, meeting report and proposal by Bob Brisco that relate to the Operation Dismantle aiming at world peace and nuclear disarmament and to the Doukhobors being seen as the advocates for peace.

[Legal documents]

This file consist of legal forms including: an application to renounce Canadian Citizenship and a search warrant.

[Reports, protocols]

This file consists of various documents prepared by the USCC members, including reports, meeting minutes, protocols, proclamations, letters, petitions. These documents include: Arishenkoff’s appeal to Congress of the USCC.; a report for the youth festival of the USCC; Alberta Doukhobors meeting minutes in Lundbreck, 1947; a protocol arising from meeting in Brilliant 1949 led by M. P. Cheveldeev and V. Koftinoff; a petition with apologies for the acts of violence, Oakalla Prison Farm, 1950; protocol of meeting in Oakalla Prison Farm in 1950 and resulting proclamation and letters to the Canadian authorities; a petition to the Canadian government for protection against arsonists, 1975.

[Nick D. Arishenkoff historical documents]

This file contains photocopies of variety of documents including: P. V. Verigin’s circular letters, a letter to editor of New Russian Word from the CCUB, an essay “Defeat of Doukhobor community in Canada” by I. Tregubov, a letter of P.P. Verigin to V. I. Makhonin, a community order from the CCUB, a court order for Arishenkoff, the CCUB financial reports 1928-1938, letter with description of the Sion Improvement District Water Supply (supplied with English translation), song texts, recollection of Nick D. Arshenkoff presented by Eli Popoff.

General documents

This sub-series consists of various documents that were created by the USCC and its members and that relate to the operations of the USCC and matters relating to the Doukhobor community from late 1930s until 1984. The documents include: reports, meeting minutes, protocols, petitions, correspondence, legal documents, forms, essays, articles, and clippings.

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